Every month we present a special object from the Aronson Antiquairs’ collection. This month we would like to show you this polychrome model of a baby in a cradle, dated circa 1765. Little models of cradles, fire baskets and highchairs were perfect as a gift to celebrate an engagement or a wedding (symbolic of the function of marriage and the wish for progeny) or especially a birth. They probably were made by a number of Delft factories over a period of many years, but it is interesting that, for example, the 1803 inventory of De Drie Posteleyne Astonne (Three Porcelain Ash Barrels) factory, of which the transcription is published in Van Aken-Fehmers 2001, p. 222, includes “7 vuurmantjes, 1 kintje in de wieg en 2 kinderen in de kakstoel” (“7 fire baskets, 1 child in the cradle and 2 children in the high chair”.)
The miniature house, or the dollhouse, was not a house to play with. In Holland where these exhibits of wealth were called ‘cabinet houses’ were a serious pastime for a lady of the elite. Carefully fashioned as their own home and filled with furniture, figures and all sorts of utensils, they formed wonderful documents. They not only show how the interior must have looked like, but they also give a remarkable insight in where the household objects were kept. In some cabinet houses, tiny models of cradles, baby’s in high seats and other figures were displayed (or kept save) on the top shelve of the linen cabinet. They were executed in glass, the only medium to work so detailed in, but they have the same shape as the present Delftware cradle with baby. It is well possible, that the lady of the house stored her treasures with an important part of her dowry, the bed and table linens.
Of course, the yellow color of the cradle represents wicker, the perfect material to create cozy baskets. In the seventeenth and eighteenth century not only cradles as represented in this miniature model were produced from wickerwork, but also other furnishings for the nursery room were made of the bendable willow twigs. For example, fire baskets in which a bucket with hot coals could be placed, that functioned both as a heat source and to dry the wet baby clothes. Further, the nursing mother was seated on the floor in front of the fireplace in a bakermat, a flat basket with low edges at the side and a high back. She could comfortably take care of the new born and change him or her on her lap. The cradles would have had a cloth over the hood, to protect the child from the cold and draft. When raised on wooden rockers, it could be moved back and forth by the mother using an attached rope, a so-called wiegekoord.
Polychrome Model of a Baby in a Cradle
Delft, circa 1765
The yellow wicker cradle with an open trelliswork hood at the head, the baby seated inside; her head turned tothe left, wearing a blue cap and an iron-red and manganese dotted green robe with sleeves revealing her hands holding the cradle, the top of the coverlet patterned with manganese diaper work with red flowers and green leaves and reserved with a large yellow, manganese, green and iron-red flowerhead.
Height: 12.4 cm. (4.9 in.); Length: 14.3 cm. (5.6 in.)
Provenance: The H.C. Bout Collection, Belgium